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Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2011;17(2):91-98.
Published online June 1, 2011.
Strategy for the Treatment of Infraorbital Dark Circles.
Jong In Shin, In Oh Kwon, Chang Yeon Kim
1Jo N Shin Plastic Surgery Clinic, Seoul, Korea. inokwon@yahoo.co.kr
2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Infraorbital dark circles refer to the darkness of lower eyelids and can be a significant cosmetic problem for the people of any age and sex. Although the general concern for dark circles is increasing, little has been published about the treatment of dark circles in the scientific literature. Dark circles are not a single disease but combination of causative symptoms. We classified patients to five groups according to patients' symptoms; bulging of infraorbital fat(Ia), sunken lower eyelids(Ib), depression or groove on midface(Ic), thin translucent skin(IIa), and excessive pigmentation(IIb). We reviewed medical records and photographs of patients retrospectively. The classification of patients and the treatment of the groups were evaluated. Problems of shape, especially bulging of infraorbital fat was the main cause of dark circles in most patients(65.2%). The treatment of each group included transconjunctival fat reposition or removal(Ia), single fat cell graft(Ib,IIa), microfat graft(Ic), and various dermatologic therapies(IIb). We obtained better results when we did combination of the treatments according to symptomatic groups.
Key Words: Eyelids, Darkness, Fats, Blepharoplasty
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